This is a new backflow assembly
This backflow assembly is being tested.
This backflow assembly has been tested, and is tagged.
Check valve # 1 stuck open because of debris. This is a double check assembly; this means it has no relief valve with debris holding it open. This failure would never be known without testing.
This check valve was damaged by freezing; note the cracks. Another failure that would go undetected without inspection.
It is easy to see the difference between the new valve and the bad one.
This cracked shutoff valve failure is obvious...